In surgical procedures on cardiac valves, a distinction is made between valve repair and valve replacement. The chance of repairing the valve is higher in patients whose valvular cardiac disease has not progressed and who consulted the physician early. Otherwise, valve replacement with a new valve is the most favorable option. Your doctor will provide you with detailed information and guidance in this regard.
There are two types of valves used when they need to be replaced: the biological valve and the mechanical valve. The biggest advantage of the biological valves is that they do not require blood thinners. However, their average lifespan is limited to 7-10 years. Mechanical valves, on the other hand, have a very long-life span. Yet, because they are made of metal, patients must take blood thinners for the rest of their lives to prevent clots from forming on the valves.
Many factors should be considered when choosing the most appropriate valve for you: Your age, the type of valve disease, whether you can take blood thinners for life, and whether you want to have a child.